|The lofty and majestic Jinggang Mountains, covering 670 square km, tower in the central part of Mount Luoxiao and stretch over the border of Hunan and Jiangxi provinces. It is ranged among "China Forty Best Tourist Attractions" and the cradle of the Chinese revolution. Guo Moruo marveled in his lines when touring the mountains, "After visiting Jinggangshan, no mountain will be an attraction."|
In year 1927, after the first failure of communist revolution, Mao Tse-Tung and Zhu De led their followers establishing a base in Mount Jinggang, Jiangxi. Under the Nationalist's pressure, the Red Army was forced to leave Jinggang, which was later called "the long march". The long march took place in 1934 - 1935, and ended at Mount Baota, Shaanxi. Therefore, these two mountains bear special meaning to the communist revolution.
The breathtaking mountains boast 100-odd peaks unique in shape, of the peaks, some look like tigers leaping over the deep stream, appearing in all their glory as if they were made by uncanny craftsmanship. The Nanping Peak, a sheer rise of thousands of feet, stretches for tens of miles, with hard rocks rocketing into the sky. The rocks in the shape of birds of beasts look so lifelike that they seem to change according to your imagination.
The Five Fingers Peak with an elevation of 1583 meters, is the highest peak and major symbol of Jinggangshan. It is so named because the peak, when standing together, resembles five fingers. The fame of the Five Fingers Peak grows with the print of its picture on 100-yuan RMB bill.
The waterfalls on Jinggangshan can rarely be found in other places across the world. Jinggangshan boasts a large area of mountains with rich vegetation. The streams enjoy a strong flow and a great drop; therefore, within the scenic zone there are over 100 waterfalls, grand and marvelous. The landscape of the eighteen giant waterfalls of five large pools, attracts thousands of visitors from home and abroad. Located in subtropical monsoon climate zone, Jinggangshan is abundant in precipitation. The mist evaporating from the forests is changing all the time. When floating halfway up to the mountain, it becomes strips of clouds; when drifting among the peaks, it turns into the valley for. If the shines over the clouds at the moment, a fantastic mirage will appear. The whole scene is as intoxicating as a fairyland.
Jinggangshan is a world of flora. In the one-million-odd-mu forest, pines, firs and bamboo, as well as medicinal herbs and flowers and grass of various kinds are full of life and motion. Looking into the distance, one takes in sight a green sea of extending mountains and valleys. There are 3,800 plants of 400 families in the region.
Jinggangshan is also a world of fauna. There are a great variety of birds, beasts, snakes, insects and fishes living in the dense forest or in the streams. The region is rich in rare birds and animals. Among the 138 species of birds and beasts know here, over 20 are under national protection. The Hunan Tiger and tragopan are on the brink of extinction, and elaphodus caphalophus and river deer are rare animals unique to Jinggangshan.
Mount Jinggang appears on the following banknote(s):